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Mengenal ISPS code

Konvensi Internasional SOLAS adalah perjanjian/konvensi paling penting untuk melindungi keselamatan kapal dagang. Versi pertama diterbitkan pada tahun 1914 sebagai akibat tenggelamnya kapal RMS Titanic. Dimana diatur mengenai ketentuan tentang jumlah sekoci/rakit penolong dan perangkat keselamatan lain serta peralatan yang dibutuhkan dalam prosedur penyelamatan, termasuk ketentuan untuk melaporkan posisi kapal melalui radio komunikasi. Dan sejak pertama sekali ditetapkan dilakukan beberapa perubahan/amandemen 1929, 1948, 1960, dan 1974

Konvensi Internasional SOLAS 1974 diratifikasi oleh Pemerintah Republik Indonesia pada tanggal 17 Desember 1980 dengan Keputusan Presiden Nomor 65 Tahun 1980. Kemudian pada tanggal 12 Desember 2002, Konferensi Diplomatik yang dilaksanakan oleh Maritime Safety Committee dari IMO mengadopsi amandemen Konvensi Internasional SOLAS yang dikenal dengan sebutan International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code, 2002.

Rupanya keselamatan pelayaran tidak hanya terletak hanya pada system perlengkapan  alat alat keselamatan, atau tidak dilashingnya muat hingga pada persoalan penempatan barang yang tidak memperhitungkan titik berat kapal dan gaya lengan stabil dan satu lagi yg masi tertingal adalah bagaimana memprotect si pelaut dan kapalnya agar tercapai standard keamanan yg di inginkan untuk mencapai keselamat barang dalam pelayaran dan jiwa si pelaut.

Berita pembajakan kapal laut makin menjadi khususnya di daera perairan selat malaka dan perairan Somalia dan semakin melebar jarak ke Indian ocean dan perairan oman tercatat sudah dari berita yg baru di release oleh salah satu kantor berita sekitar 27 kapal telah di bajak di daerah  Somalia. Untuk mengenal lebih jauh tentang ISPS penjabarannya sebagai berikut di bawah. dan slideshow yg bisa di klik di bawah.

the International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPSCode is an amendment to the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) Convention (1974/1988) on minimum security arrangements for ships, ports and government agencies. Having come into force in 2004, it prescribes responsibilities to governments, shipping companies, shipboard personnel, and port/facility personnel to “detect security threats and take preventative measures against security incidents affecting ships or port facilities used in international trade.”

The ISPS Code is implemented through chapter XI-2 Special measures to enhance maritime

security in the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLASThe Code is a two-part document describing minimum requirements for security of ships and ports. Part A provides mandatory requirements. Part B provides guidance for implementation.

The ISPS Code applies to ships on international voyages (including passenger ships, cargo ships of 500 GT and upwards, and mobile offshore drilling units) and the port facilities serving such ships. The main objectives of the ISPS Code are:

  • To detect security threats and implement security measures
  • To establish roles and responsibilities concerning maritime security for governments, local administrations, ship and port industries at the national and international level
  • To collate and promulgate security-related information
  • To provide a methodology for security assessments so as to have in place plans and procedures to react to changing security levels

The Code does not specify specific measures that each port and ship must take to ensure the safety of the facility against terrorism because of the many different types and sizes of these facilities. Instead it outlines “a standardized, consistent framework for evaluating risk, enabling governments to offset changes in threat with changes in vulnerability for ships and port facilities.”

For ships the framework includes requirements for:

  • Ship security plans.
  • Ship security officers
  • Company security officers
  • Certain onboard equipment

For port facilities, the requirements include:

  • Port facility security plans
  • Port facility security officers
  • Certain security equipment

In addition the requirements for ships and for port facilities include:

  • Monitoring and controlling access
  • Monitoring the activities of people and cargo
  • Ensuring security communications are readily available

In December 2002, new amendments to the 1974 SOLAS Convention were enacted. These amendments gave rise to the International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code, which went into effect on 1 July 2004. The concept of the code is to provide layered and redundant defenses against smuggling, terrorism, piracy, stowaways, etc. The ISPS Code required most ships and port facilities engaged in international trade to establish and maintain strict security procedures as specified in ship and port specific Ship Security Plans and Port Facility Security Plans.

Klik slideshow ISPS di sini

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Desember 30, 2010 - Posted by | ISPS |

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