Planned maintenance system and ISM Code
Yg namanya PMS sudah pasti berhubungan dgn paper work, tapi itu memang di haruskan dan wajib bagi kita pelaut. khusus bagi kapal kapal di atas 500 Grt. di bawah itu jika mau mereka bisa menjadi volentir. manfaat PMS baik buat si pelaut , perusahaan, dan juga perawatan yg terencana. semua perusahaan pelayaran tentu mempunyai perbedaan tapi pada prinsipnya sama yg mengacu kepada ISM code.
The PMS - Planned Maintenance System is a paper /Software based system which allows ship owners and/or operators of a vessel/ship maintenance in intervals according to manufacturers and class/Classification society requirements. The maintenance, primarily supervised by the on board personnel, is then credited towards inspections required by periodic surveys. The planning and scheduling of the maintenance, as well as its documentation, must be made according to a system that is approved by Classification society like Germanischer Lloyd,Lloyd’s Register, Bureau Veritas or Det Norske Veritas etc . All these Classification Societies are memers of IACS “International Association Of Classification Societies Ltd”. Having a Planned Maintenance system on ships is now mandatory as per ISM (International Safety Management Code).
The PMS program must be submitted in English language but the instructions and history may be in the most suitable language. Maintenance summaries in English are required.
Damages which may be presumed to require class inspection are to be reported to a surveyor of the classification society.
An annual survey is needed to review the status of equipment. A special survey every five years verifies that the PMS program is functioning. The PMS surveys will be harmonized with other periodic surveys.
The ISM Code provides an International standard for the safe management and operation of ships and for pollution prevention.
The purpose of ISM Code is:
* To ensure Safety at Sea
* To prevent human injury or loss of life
* To avoid damage to the environment and to the ship.
SOLAS adopted the ISM Code in 1994 and incorporated it into chapter IX. By 1998 much of the commercial shipping community was required to be in compliance with the ISM code. By 2002 almost all of the international shipping community was required to comply with the ISM Code.
In order to comply with the ISM Code, each ship class must have a working Safety Management System (SMS). Each SMS consists of the following elements:
* Commitment from top management
* A Top Tier Policy Manual
* A Procedures Manual that documents what is done on board the ship
* Procedures for conducting both internal and external audits to ensure the ship is doing what is documented in the Procedures Manual
* A Designated Person to serve as the link between the ships and shore staff
* A system for identifying where actual practices do not meet those that are documented and for implementing associated corrective action
* Regular management reviews
Another part of the ISM is the mandatory Planned Maintenance System which is used as a tool maintaining the vessel according to the specified maintenance intervals.
Each ISM compliant ship is audited, first by the Company (internal audit) and then each 2,5 to 3 years by the Flag State Marine Administration to verify the fulfillment and effectiveness of their Safety Management System. Once SMS is verified and it is working and effectively implemented, the ship is issued with The Safety Management Certificate. Comments from the auditor and/or audit body and from the ship are incorporated into the SMS by headquarters.
The ISM Code was created by IMO and Capt. Graham Botterill among others bring advising.